Comparatives and Superlatives
Here are some basic rules for spelling comparatives and superlatives:
Rule 1 - one syllable adjectives or adverbs:
Simply add -er
· smart = smarter
· young = younger
· fast = faster
Use THE and add -est
· smart = the smartest
· young = the youngest
· fast = the fastest
Rule 1B - One syllable adjectives with a Consonant-Vowel-Consonant Pattern:
(Review Consonants and Vowels)
If the adjective has a CVC pattern, double the consonant and add -er.
· wet = wetter
· big = bigger
· sad = sadder
Practice comparatives with one-syllable words.
If the adjective has a CVC pattern, double the consonant and add -est. Don't forget THE!
· wet = the wettest
· big = the biggest
· sad = the saddest
Practice superlatives with one-syllable words.
Rule 2 - two syllable adjectives ending in Y
Change the Y to I and add -er
· pretty = prettier
· happy = happier
· busy = busier
Practice comparatives ending in Y.
Change the Y to I and add -est.
Don't forget to use THE!
· pretty = the prettiest
· happy = the happiest
· busy = the busiest
Practice superlatives ending in Y.
Rule 3 - Adjectives or adverbs with two or more syllables (not ending in Y):
· famous = more famous
· interesting = more interesting
· carefully = more carefully
Practice comparatives with 2 or more syllables.
Use THE MOST
· famous = the most famous
· interesting = the most interesting
· carefully = the most carefully
Practice superlatives with 2 or more syllables.
These are the irregular words. There is no system or pattern here, so you'll just have to remember them. Fortunately, there are only a few...
· good = better
· bad = worse
· far = farther (further)
· well = better
· badly = worse
· little = less
Practice irregular comparatives.
· good = the best
· bad = the worst
· far = the farthest (the furthest)
· well = the best
· badly = the worst
· little = the least
Practice irregular superlatives.
Mega Quiz - 50 mixed questions Comparatives....Superlatives
Consonants = b, c, d, f, g, h, etc.
Vowels = a, e, i, o, u
Those are some basic rules for spelling comparatives and superlatives,
but remember, there are always exceptions to every rule...Good Luck!