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Comparatives and Superlatives lesson
Date 16/12/2008 21:29  Author detail  Hits 1329  Language Global

Comparatives and Superlatives

Here are some basic rules for spelling comparatives and superlatives:

Rule 1 - one syllable adjectives or adverbs:

Comparatives

Superlatives

Simply add -er

Examples:

·  smart =  smarter

·  young =  younger

·  fast = faster

Use THE  and add -est

Examples:

·  smart =  the smartest

·  young =  the youngest

·  fast = the fastest

Rule 1B - One syllable adjectives with a Consonant-Vowel-Consonant  Pattern:
(Review Consonants and Vowels)

If the adjective has a CVC pattern, double the consonant and add -er. 

Examples:

·  wet  =  wetter

·  big  =  bigger

·  sad = sadder

Practice comparatives with one-syllable words.

If the adjective has a CVC pattern, double the consonant and add -est. Don't forget THE!

Examples:

·  wet  =  the wettest

·  big  =  the biggest

·  sad = the saddest

Practice superlatives with one-syllable words.

 

Rule 2 - two syllable adjectives ending in Y

Change the Y to I and add -er 
 

Examples:

·  pretty =  prettier

·  happy =  happier

·  busy = busier

Practice comparatives ending in Y.

Change the Y to I and add -est.
Don't forget to use THE!

Examples:

·  pretty =  the prettiest

·  happy =  the happiest

·  busy = the busiest

Practice superlatives ending in Y.

 

Rule 3 - Adjectives or adverbs with two or more syllables (not ending in Y):

  Use MORE

Examples:

·  famous =  more famous

·  interesting =  more interesting

·  carefully = more carefully

Practice comparatives with 2 or more syllables.

Use THE MOST

Examples:

·  famous =  the most famous

·  interesting =  the most interesting

·  carefully = the most carefully

Practice superlatives with 2 or more syllables.

 

Rule 4 

These are the irregular words. There is no system or pattern here, so you'll just have to remember them. Fortunately, there are only a few...

Examples:

·  good =  better

·  bad =  worse

·  far = farther (further)

·  well = better

·  badly = worse

·  little = less

Practice irregular comparatives.

Examples:

·  good =  the best

·  bad =  the worst

·  far = the farthest (the furthest)

·  well = the best

·  badly = the worst

·  little = the least

Practice irregular superlatives.

Mega Quiz - 50 mixed questions Comparatives....Superlatives

 


Consonants = b, c, d, f, g, h, etc.
Vowels = a, e, i, o, u 

Those are some basic rules for spelling comparatives and superlatives,
but remember, there are always exceptions to every rule...Good Luck!

 

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